Photo:  Parks Canada

Friday, March 3, 2023


After years of advocating for federal legislation to protect Canada's designated heritage places, Heritage Ottawa eagerly welcomed the first reading on June 7 of Bill C-23: An Act respecting places, persons and events of national historic significance or national interest, archaeological resources and cultural and natural heritage called the Historic Places of Canada Act. The federal Minister of Environment and Climate Change will be responsible for the Act and Parks Canada Agency will administer it. 


Heritage Ottawa has written to all MPs in the national capital region asking for their support of Bill C-23 with our proposed amendements. Second Reading of the Bill, which began on December 2, 2022 will continue when Parliament returns on March 9. Comments and questions came from all parties, and all supported a need for the legislation with some MPs noting it was a good "first step" in protecting historic sites. The Bill will be considered by the Standing Committee on Environment and Sustainable Development (ENVI) in early spring.

Heritage Ottawa has been a leading participant 

Bill C-23

An important first step

Canada is the only G-7 country without legislation to protect its federally designated heritage places. This fact leaves hundreds of places of cultural heritage value without legal protection. And that includes Canada's Parliament Buildings. READ the excellent summary about this important new legislation by Leslie Maitland.

The draft bill is an important first step and Heritage Ottawa was pleased to see that it addresses recommendations of the Truth and Reconciliation Report with concrete actions to support recognition of the history and culture of Indigenous, Inuit and Métis peoples. 

Toothless Legislation?

Other protective measures in the draft bill, however, need strengthening if the legislation is to be truly effective. Heritage Ottawa recommends that the government consider the following changes and additions to the draft bill:

Retain the nomenclature National Historic Site of Canada. Do not dilute the importance and credibility of this designation for the sake of bureaucratic streamlining. The term has great meaning not just for federally-owned properties, but for the nearly 1,000 NHSC owned by others.

Designations should explicitly include settings and landscapes of heritage places to ensure interventions consider impact on the entire place, not just building footprints, for example;

Accountability: include a mechanism for reporting on the state of federally-owned heritage properties as recommended by the Auditor General, such as a tabled Annual Report. The intent is to keep heritage places on the radar and prevent demolition by neglect (Example 24 Sussex Drive).

Dispute Mechanism: where departments that own federally designated heritage assets disagree with Parks Canada Agency on appropriate heritage conservation measures, an independent third party (such as the Historic Sites and Monuments Board of Canada) could be empowered to mediate;

Disposal: from time to time, the federal government disposes of heritage designated properties; the continued protection of these properties should be ensured under new ownership with the implementation of such measures as conservation easements;

Coverage: the draft bill only applies to heritage designated properties owned by federal departments; to strengthen its effectiveness the bill should apply to all heritage places under federal control, as is the case with the Accessible Canada Act. It is not reasonable to exclude the National Museums, federal post offices, the Bank of Canada, the National Arts Centre, and other significant heritage places owned by Crown Corporations across Canada; and

Provision of implementing Regulations. 

These practical measures would serve to make Bill C-23 a more robust effective piece of legislation. 

Heritage Ottawa will convey our concerns on the draft legislation to the Minister of Environment and Climate Change, the Honourable Steven Guilbeault, and will apply to make a presentation to the Standing Committee on the Environment and Sustainable Development (ENVI) in the spring. Stay tuned. 

Related Reading:

Draft Federal Legislation to Protect Historic Places (Bill C-23) | Leslie Maitland

Federal MP John Aldag's address in the Statements By Members session in the House of Commons, acknowledging Bill C-23 and Heritage Week (Video, 1 minute 10 sec)):